1. Environmental conservation
2. Economic self-reliance
3. Improvement of living
5. To the interested people of the world: "What is right ? "
※ Please extend your helping voices to us in order to solve the National Park issue !
In Tanzania, with an increase in demand for firewood and charcoal associated with an increasing population, cultivation to secure farmlands, weed burning for pasturelands, logging for timbers and so on, forests have annually been lost by 403 thousand hectares (63.5 km2 i.e. with approximately twice the area of Tokyo Metropolis). Between 2005 and 2010, the rate of decrease in forests was around 1.16% a year but this rate continues to increase in recent years and if this goes on, all of forests will be lost in a little over 80 years. A decrease in forests incurs a lack of firewood and wood for charcoal, the depletion of water sources, soil erosion and decline outputs of crops and suppresses lives of people living there.
In order to prevent such deterioration of the environment as much as possible and protect people's lives, it is imperative to grapple with measures to halt further deforestation and to expand forests. For this purpose, it is important to strengthen efforts at a level of villages and community people of which use of wood for firewood and charcoal and so on accounts for a large part of factors of deforestation and simultaneously are substantially affected by it.
Since its establishment, the Club has grappled with supports for voluntary tree planting activities by local residents together with our counterpart the'TEACA' (Tanzania Environmental Action Association) being a local NGO over 20 years. In the past, the TEACA has raised saplings of 900 thousand* at nurseries, which have been planted on the vegetation removed slope of the mountain by villagers and or distributed to villages in other areas. Saplings planted at the beginning of their activities have now exceeded more than 15 meters in height, and the mountainside having been bare in the past is now in the cool shade of trees.
＊ Including trees distributed to villagers. Those nursery trees were grown at only nursery beds
of the TEACA, and trees grown at other beds of approximately 20 groups are not included.
(Right) The subsequent scenery at the same place
Can forests be conserved by eliminating community residents from there ?
（The Club's approach to an extension issue of the Mt. Kilimanjaro National Park and appeal to the world on this issue）
The Tanzanian Government incorporated in 2005 the half-mile forest strip being the buffer zone which used to be permitted for community residents living on Mt. Kilimanjaro to use into the National Park for the purpose of eliminating them. By this measure implemented by the Government, very critical and serious problems for the way of forest conservation on Mt. Kilimanjaro and against life security of community residents have begun coming to light. The Club aims for building of a frameworks and an institution for new forest conservation and management to protect forests being the buffer zone by a community initiative cooperating with 39 villages along with forests toward the solution of this issue.
・Lost Forests of Inhabitants
Issues on the extended National Park of Mt. Kilimanjaro and
Tanzania Pole Pole Club's grappling with them
・"What is right ?"
Please extend your helping voices to us in order to solve
the National Park issue !
Any supports or cooperation cannot be promised for eternity. People living there are important consistently to tackle the solution of various issues on their livelihood or in a local community by themselves even at a small scale of activities without relying on a limited assistance from the outside.
It is thought to be important that such sustainable and self-reliant activities spread widely to the area and the whole nation. Therefore, the Club has supported security of sustainability and self-reliance of their activities by combining the environmental conservation activities and so on having been dealt with by villagers at the foot of Mt. Kilimanjaro with income raising projects such as beekeeping and chicken farming and projects to enhance an activity base through savings by villagers themselves.
◇Bee keeping project
(Right) Collected honey
In planted trees, nectariferous trees (Croton Megalocarpus, etc.) being trees to bear good nectar after growing are included. Honey is valuable and in persistent demand as medicine there, and in addition to it, is traded at high prices. The more luxuriant forests are by tree planting, the more villagers gain income by beekeeping. Illegal logging to sell trees as lumber is one of biggest factors in deforestation but beekeeping can be said to serves a dual purpose as beekeeping leads to gain income with tree planting instead of income from trees being cut down.
People's activities to conserve the environment and living are inextricably linked each other like being inseparable. It takes 10 years at the earliest that planted trees grow and bear fruit. In order that villagers deal durably with such long-term activities, it becomes an important key that they generate their own reserve of energy in living as much as possible. Consequently, the Club has been working on enhancement of villages' economic bases such as supports for coffee farmers, the spread of improved wood-fired cooking ovens, supports for a sewing class and so on and simultaneously the enhancement and improvement of villagers' living.
◇Supports for coffee farmers
(Right) A new variety of Kilimanjaro coffees palnted in a field
Speaking of Mt. Kilimanjaro, it is a producing area of the world-famous Kilimanjaro coffees. Many of villagers who have grappled with tree planting are coffee-growing farmers. However, caused by a free-fall in the price of coffee in the early 2000s and as being vulnerable by nature to insects or disease germs, many of farmers had given up the cultivation.
While, it is no easy to secure income as an alternative to it. Therefore, the Club has dispersed a new variety of coffee having resistance to insects and disease germs in order for farmers to be able to produce high-quality and high-price coffee. On the other hand, the Club has tackled with restoration of the village industry through organization reinforcement of coffee farmer groups.
The Tanzania Pole Pole Club provides a financial support and supplies materials to maintain and repair a road, a medical clinic and so on for the purpose of supporting for an improvement of social infrastructure. The Club also carries out or supports for a training program on a domestic livestock breeding, beekeeping, improved wood-fired cooking ovens and so on.
(Right) A scene of a domestic study tour for villagers to learn knowledge or skills for
use of forests and natural resources and sustainable management of them from
traditions in an area